Human resources (HR) refers to the management of an organisation’s workforce or human capital. It encompasses the policies, practices, and processes involved in recruiting, hiring, training, managing, and retaining employees to achieve the organisation’s goals and objectives. The primary purpose of human resource management is to optimise the performance and productivity of employees while ensuring their well-being, satisfaction, and development within the organization.

Key functions of human resource management include:

Recruitment and Hiring: HR is responsible for attracting, sourcing, and selecting qualified candidates to fill vacant positions within the organisation. This involves developing job descriptions, posting job advertisements, screening resumes, conducting interviews, and making hiring decisions.

Onboarding and Orientation: HR facilitates the onboarding process for new employees, which includes introducing them to the organization’s culture, policies, procedures, and expectations. This helps new hires acclimate to their roles and responsibilities and become productive members of the team more quickly.

Training and Development: HR coordinates training and development programs to enhance employees’ skills, knowledge, and competencies. This may involve providing formal training sessions, workshops, seminars, and educational opportunities to support employees’ career growth and advancement within the organization.

Performance Management: HR oversees performance management processes to evaluate employees’ performance, provide feedback, set goals and objectives, and identify areas for improvement. Performance management may include regular performance reviews, performance appraisals, and coaching sessions.

Compensation and Benefits: HR manages compensation and benefits programs to attract, motivate, and retain employees. This includes determining salary and wage structures, administering employee benefits such as health insurance, retirement plans, and paid time off, and ensuring compliance with labour laws and regulations.

Employee Relations: HR plays a central role in managing employee relations and resolving conflicts or disputes. This may involve mediating conflicts, addressing grievances, and fostering a positive work environment that promotes collaboration, communication, and mutual respect.

Compliance and Legal Requirements: HR ensures that the organization complies with labour laws, regulations, and employment standards related to hiring, employment practices, workplace safety, discrimination, harassment, and equal opportunity. HR also manages legal documentation, employee records, and data privacy requirements.

Employee Engagement and Retention: HR fostering employee engagement, satisfaction, and retention by implementing initiatives to enhance job satisfaction, morale, and motivation. This may include conducting employee surveys, implementing recognition programs, and creating opportunities for career development and advancement.