A joint venture (JV) is a business arrangement in which two or more parties collaborate to pool their resources, expertise, and capital to undertake a specific project or venture. Joint ventures are commonly formed to pursue opportunities that require specialised knowledge, technology, or financial resources beyond what each party could achieve individually. Joint ventures can take various forms and structures, depending on the nature of the project and the objectives of the parties.

Key features of a joint venture include:

Shared Ownership and Control: Parties in a joint venture typically have shared ownership and control, with each party holding a stake in the venture and participating in decision-making processes. The level of ownership and control may vary depending on the terms of the joint venture agreement.

Common Objectives: Joint ventures are established to achieve specific business objectives or pursue mutual interests. These objectives may include entering new markets, developing new products or technologies, sharing risks and costs, or accessing complementary resources and capabilities.

Limited Duration: Joint ventures are often established for a specific period or purpose, after which they may be dissolved, extended, or restructured based on the parties’ needs and objectives. The duration of a joint venture is typically defined in the joint venture agreement.

Shared Risks and Rewards: Parties in a joint venture share the risks and rewards associated with the venture. This includes sharing the financial investment and any profits, losses, liabilities, or obligations incurred during the venture.

Legal Structure: Joint ventures can take various legal forms, including contractual agreements, partnerships, limited liability companies (LLCs), or corporate entities. The choice of legal structure depends on factors such as tax considerations, liability protection, and governance requirements.

Governance and Management: Joint ventures typically have governance structures and management mechanisms in place to oversee the operations of the venture, allocate responsibilities, and resolve conflicts among the parties. Governance arrangements may include the appointment of a board of directors, management committee, or project manager to oversee the venture’s activities.