A majority shareholder is an individual or entity that owns more than 50% of the total outstanding shares of a company’s stock. This means they have the largest ownership stake in the company relative to other shareholders. As a result, they often have significant influence and control over the company’s decision-making processes and direction.

Here are some key points about majority shareholders:

Control: Majority shareholders wield considerable control over the company because they can elect the board of directors and influence major corporate decisions, such as mergers, acquisitions, and changes in corporate strategy.

Voting Rights: In most cases, shareholders’ voting power is directly proportional to their ownership stake in the company. Therefore, a majority shareholder typically can determine the outcome of shareholder votes on important matters.

Dividends: Majority shareholders may have the authority to influence the distribution of dividends to shareholders, as dividends are typically paid out in proportion to the number of shares owned by each shareholder.

Responsibility: With significant ownership and control comes a heightened level of responsibility. Majority shareholders are often expected to act in the best interests of the company and all shareholders, rather than solely in their interests.

Conflict of Interest: In situations where a majority shareholder’s interests conflict with those of minority shareholders or the company as a whole, conflicts of interest may arise. The majority shareholders need to navigate these situations carefully and ethically.

Exit Strategy: Majority shareholders may also have more options when it comes to exiting their investment in the company, such as selling their shares to another investor or facilitating a sale of the entire company.