A Non-Profit Organization (NPO) is dedicated to pursuing a particular social cause or mission, rather than generating profit for its owners or shareholders. NPOs are also sometimes referred to as not-for-profit organizations or charities.

Here are some key characteristics of Non-Profit Organisations:

Mission-driven: NPOs are founded with the primary goal of serving a specific social, cultural, environmental, or community need. They typically have a mission statement that outlines their objectives and the impact they aim to achieve.

Non-Distribution Constraint: Unlike for-profit businesses, NPOs do not distribute profits to owners or shareholders. Instead, any surplus funds generated by the organization are reinvested into furthering its mission or used to support its programs and activities.

Tax-exempt Status: Many NPOs qualify for tax-exempt status under the laws of the country in which they operate. This means that they are not required to pay certain taxes on income generated from their charitable activities, and donors may be eligible for tax deductions for donations made to the organization.

Governance: NPOs are governed by a board of directors or trustees, who are responsible for overseeing the organization’s operations, setting strategic direction, and ensuring compliance with legal and regulatory requirements. The board is typically composed of volunteers who serve in a fiduciary capacity.

Funding: NPOs rely on a variety of sources for funding, including donations, grants, sponsorships, membership dues, and revenue from programs or services. Fundraising efforts are often a key aspect of an NPO’s operations, and they may engage in activities such as soliciting donations, organizing events, and seeking grants from foundations or government agencies.

Accountability and Transparency: NPOs are accountable to their stakeholders, including donors, members, beneficiaries, and the public. They are expected to operate with transparency, integrity, and accountability, and may be required to disclose financial information and program outcomes to demonstrate their impact and effectiveness.