Payroll refers to calculating and disbursing payments to employees of a company or organisation for the work they have performed during a specific period, typically regularly such as weekly, bi-weekly, or monthly. It encompasses various tasks related to employee compensation, tax deductions, and compliance with labour regulations.

The payroll process involves several steps:

Timekeeping: Tracking and recording the hours worked by each employee, including regular hours, overtime, vacation time, sick leave, and any other relevant time off.

Calculation of Earnings: Calculating each employee’s gross earnings based on their hourly rate, salary, commissions, bonuses, or any other forms of compensation.

Deductions and Withholdings: Deducting various taxes, contributions, and withholdings from employees’ gross earnings, such as income tax, social security contributions, health insurance premiums, retirement contributions, and any other mandated deductions.

Net Pay Calculation: Subtracting the total deductions from the gross earnings to arrive at the net pay, which is the amount that the employee will receive in their paycheck.

Payment Distribution: Disbursing payments to employees through various methods such as direct deposit to their bank accounts, physical checks, or electronic payment systems.

Record-Keeping and Reporting: Maintaining accurate records of payroll transactions, including earnings, deductions, and payments, for each employee. Generating payroll reports for accounting, tax compliance, and auditing purposes.

Tax Filing and Compliance: Ensuring compliance with relevant tax laws and regulations by filing payroll taxes accurately and on time, including employer contributions to social security, unemployment insurance, and other payroll-related taxes.

Employee Benefits Administration: Managing employee benefits such as health insurance, retirement plans, and other fringe benefits, which may involve additional payroll-related tasks and deductions.