The Singapore Financial Reporting Standard (SFRS) is a set of accounting principles and standards established by the Accounting Standards Council (ASC) in Singapore. Understanding the SFRS is crucial for businesses and accounting professionals to prepare accurate and transparent financial statements in compliance with regulatory requirements.

Overview of the Singapore Financial Reporting Standard (SFRS)

The SFRS provides a framework for financial reporting that governs the preparation, presentation, and disclosure of financial statements by entities in Singapore. Key points about the SFRS include:

  1. Convergence with International Standards: The SFRS is based on International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB), with necessary modifications and interpretations to suit the local regulatory environment and business practices in Singapore.
  2. Scope and Applicability: The SFRS applies to all entities, including listed companies, private companies, and non-profit organizations, in preparing their financial statements for external reporting purposes. It sets out the principles and requirements for recognizing, measuring, and disclosing assets, liabilities, income, and expenses in financial statements.
  3. Continuous Updates and Amendments: The ASC periodically reviews and updates the SFRS to align with changes in accounting standards, regulatory requirements, and emerging business practices. Companies are required to stay abreast of these updates and ensure compliance with the latest SFRS provisions.

Key Features of the Singapore Financial Reporting Standard (SFRS)

  • Principles-Based Approach: The SFRS adopts a principles-based approach to accounting, emphasizing the substance of transactions over their legal form and providing flexibility in applying accounting treatments to reflect economic realities accurately.
  • Disclosure Requirements: The SFRS mandates comprehensive disclosure of significant accounting policies, estimates, and judgments applied in preparing financial statements, as well as additional disclosures to provide users with relevant information for decision-making.
  • Fair Value Measurement: The SFRS includes guidance on the measurement of assets and liabilities at fair value, requiring entities to assess and disclose the fair value of financial instruments, investment properties, and other assets and liabilities when relevant.

Benefits of the Singapore Financial Reporting Standard (SFRS)

  • Enhanced Transparency and Comparability: Compliance with the SFRS promotes transparency and comparability in financial reporting, facilitating meaningful analysis and benchmarking of financial performance across different entities and industries.
  • Investor Confidence: Consistent application of the SFRS enhances investor confidence by providing reliable and relevant financial information that enables investors to make informed decisions about allocating capital and assessing investment risks.
  • Regulatory Compliance: Adherence to the SFRS ensures that companies fulfil their legal obligations under Singapore law, including the preparation and presentation of financial statements that fairly present the financial position, performance, and cash flows of the entity.

The Singapore Financial Reporting Standard (SFRS) plays a pivotal role in promoting transparency, consistency, and reliability in financial reporting practices in Singapore. By complying with the SFRS, businesses demonstrate their commitment to high-quality financial reporting, fostering trust and confidence among stakeholders, investors, and regulatory authorities.